Plus..... if the Neandethall died off what kiled them? Disease or genocide?
I believe the current prevailing theory is that they failed to adapt quickly enough to the changing ecology of Europe. Both Neanderthal and H. sapiens technology and hunting techniques were originally adapted to preying on large herd animals - stalking, running, and stabbing with spears. There were some changes in ecology between 60,000 and 20,000 years ago that extirpated such species from Europe, making smaller and faster prey more predominant. H. sapiens was able to adapt and overcome by developing the bow and the throwing spear, while it appears that the Neanderthal never did. Basically, we out-competed the Neanderthal, expanding and becoming stronger while they dwindled and eventually disappeared. That's the best theory right now, anyways.
Furthermore, while they don't appear to have made *significant* contributions to our DNA, it's entirely possible that the few isolated survivors bred into us. Not really any way to tell, right now.
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